On September 26, 1937 the Famous Blues woman, Bessie Smith died in Room #2
of this building
after a car accident near the Friar's Point,
MS turnoff on Highway
61. Bessie's right arm was
torn loose at the elbow. The Packard auto
was driven by Richard Morgan, an Uncle of
Lionel Hampton. Smith was
originally buried in an unmarked grave in Philadelphia, however in
Joplin put up one-half of the money for a tombstone at Mount Lawn Cemetery in
Sharon Hill, PA. Jack Gee was Bessie's husband at the time, however they
were separated for
seven years prior to Bessie's death. The front portion of the now
Clarksdale, MS Hotel previously
served as the G.T. Thomas Hospital.
Bessie Smith, known as "The Empress of the Blues" was
$2,000 per performance at this time in 1937. Bessie also had her own private
and an entourage of 45 people. Rap/MTV star Nelly probably
receives more than $2,000 per
performance but does Nelly have a posse of 45? In
any case, Bessie was a huge star in 1930's,
when $2,000 a show was a
Zelena Ratliff is the current Proprietor of this
Venerable Hotel. Zelena took over
on March 28, 2013
after her father Frank "Rat" Ratliff died. Rat took over
on April 13, 1997
after his mother Z.L.
"Momma" Hill died. Z L Hill
converted the building
in 1944 to a Hotel from the previous G T Thomas
Momma Hill only allowed men in her Hotel, and all the men staying there
her sons. There
have been many Bluesmen & Notables through the years.
John Lee Hooker stayed
room #6 and used to practice on the front steps. Other guests have been Robert Nighthawk,
Boy Williamson II, C. L. Franklin, Howlin' Wolf, Sam
Cooke, Joe May, and
John F. Kennedy Jr.
THAT John F. Kennedy, Jr.!
If you're in Clarksdale, stop and visit with
Zelena, you'll not find
a more friendly host and a place
more steeped in the Blues. Zelena's
father, "Rat" had been
carrying on in the Blues since 1997 and
in 2003 received the Early Wright Blues Heritage
Award. You can see the history of the award
and other winners by clicking here.
Ike Turner lived in room #7 a number of years and the song
"Rocket 88" was written within
the hotel. Momma Hill was a professional seamstress and
embroidered "88" on the handmade
red ties for the men and also
designed and made each dress for the Ikettes. Ike's song "Rocket 88",
inspired by the fast Oldsmobile Rocket 88 car of the time, was beat heavy and a
tune that along with the car became a #1 hit in 1951.
Here's a 1951 Rocket 88 belonging to St Louis Frank.
Rat expanded the LOBBY in March - 2011, that's with help from
Joyce & Z.
about 9 years during the 1970's Rat ran a popular joint called the Subway Lounge
the basement. Rat still has the speakers and console as shown in the
picture to the left.
According to Rat, the Joint Was Jumpin' with a full house
and a regular bunch. The area has
now been converted to guest rooms and
the outside entrance is closed.
Rat was a main source of the Blues History for the Clarksdale
area. We had many discussions
at The Riverside about the of the Good Old Days with the likes of Junior Hill,
George Messenger, Buster Motin, James Alford, CV Veal, Sam Carr, Big Jack
Bilbo Walker, and others. These guys would rattle off the stories of all
the Joints that are
now gone such as Smitty's Red Top (ex-Pig Trail Inn), Margaret's Blue Diamond,
The Big House,
Gene's Snack Bar, Mac's, the Black Forest, Casanova, Blue Den, JJ's on 61, The
Chicken Shack, Big Jack's Possum Trot, and The Dipsie Doodle located at
4th Street, where Alan Lomax recorded Honey Boy Edwards in 1942. George
always mentioned that you had to walk in the streets as the sidewalks
were so full of people. Yea, Clarksdale was jumping.
February 7, 2008 began The Year of the Rat
The Year of the "Rat" ended in 2009, however Rat
himself carried on until his death on March 28, 2013.
Frank "Rat" Ratliff, age 72, died on March 28, 2013
at the Riverside Hotel in Clarksdale, MS.
He will be missed by all. The funeral was held at 1st Baptist Church
115 MLK in Clarksdale, MS on April 6, 2013. Burial was at McLaurin Cemetery on Hwy 61
Ratliff Funeral pictures - click
memory of Nath Davis, a 30 year resident in room #8 of the Riverside
Hotel. If you have
been a guest at the Hotel, you probably met Nath as he
was a friend to all and everyone liked his
easy going personality. He
always remained calm, cool, and collected. Nath assisted Rat
from time to
time and took time to make the guests feel at home. I don't think you
find a guest that wouldn't say something nice about Nath. Nath had
been ill during 2006 & 2007
and had been receiving chemotherapy in Jackson,
MS. After two days in the Clarksdale hospital,
Nath died on July 19, 2007
at the age of 52. Over 200 people attended the services at Jerusalem
Baptist Church and the burial at McLaurin Memorial Gardens in Lyon, MS.
Nath is missed by all.
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